extremely brief regex overview
Regexes are powerful. Gitolite uses that power as much as it can. If you can't handle that power, hire someone who can and become a manager ;-)
That said, here's a very quick overview of the highlights.
$ are called "anchors". They anchor the match to the beginning and
end of the string respectively.
^foo matches any string starting with 'foo' foo$ matches any string ending with 'foo' ^foo$ matches exact string 'foo'.
To be precise, the last one is "any string starting and ending with the same 'foo'"; "foofoo" does not match.
[0-9] is an example of a character class; it matches any single digit.
[a-z] matches any lower case alpha, and
[0-9a-f] is the range of hex
characters. You should now guess what
. (the period) is special -- it matches any character. If you want to match
an actual period, you need to say
+ are quantifiers. They apply to the previous token.
means "zero or more 'a' characters". Similarly
a+ means "one or more", and
a? means "zero or one".
As a result,
.* means "any number (including zero) of any character".
The previous token need not be a single character; you can use parens to make
(foo)+ matches one or more "foo", (like "foo", "foofoo",